located on a little peninsula on the north surrounded by the Toros Mountains
and on the south by the Mediterranean Sea. Due to its location between
Pamphylia and Cilicia the city was called both Pamphylia and Cilicia in the
There is no
definite information about the first resettlement of Alanya. In 1957 Professor
Doctor Kilinc KÖKTEN during the researches made 12 km away from the centre of
the city near the cave Kadiini found remains that prove the fact that Alanya’s
history can be traced back to the Upper Palaeolithic Era (BC 20.000 – 17.000).
There is no
sufficient information about when was and by whom was founded Alanya. The
oldest known name of the city is Korakesium. Later on the Byzantium era, its
name formed into Kalanoros. In the 13th century the Anatolian Seljuk Sultan
Alaeddin Keykubad I (1200-1237) took over the control of the city giving it the
name Alaya. Ataturk named the city as Alanya when he visited it in 1935. For
the first time Korakesium was mentioned in his writings by the ancient
geographer Skilak back in the 4th century of BC. At that time, a significant
part of the current Anatolia was in the hands of the Persians. In later times,
the city was visited by such historians, geographers and travellers as Strabo, Piri
Reis, Seyep, Ibn Battuta, Evliya Çelebi and all of them were colourfully
describing the city in their books.
haven’t enough reliable information about the early history of the Byzantine
period and the region. It is known that in the 7th century of AD the town was
forced to defend itself from the raids of the Arabs and for this reason the
paramount importance was given to strengthening of the castle. That is why many
castles and churches in Alanya and the surrounding areas are dating back to 6th
and 7th centuries of AD.
Anatolian Seljuk Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad I conquered the castle defeating the
Christian ruler of Alanya Warta Cyrus in 1221. Following this, the Sultan built
a palace for himself. Seljuks used Alanya as a second, after Konya, capital and
as a winter residence and was developed a lot.
invasions in 1243 and the Egyptian Mamluks in 1277 seriously undermined the
power of the Seljuks. In 1300, the Seljuk State collapsed. The region was sold
to one of the Mamluk Sultans from the Karamanoguls dynasty for five thousand
Altıns. Subsequently, in 1471, during the reign of the Sultan Fatih Mehmet the
city became part of the Ottoman Empire.
Alanya together with Tarsus joined Eyalet Cyprus, and in 1864 became the county
province of Konya. In 1868 Alanya was attached to Antalya and in 1871
officially became a district of the province.
together with Tarsus joined the state of Cyprus in 1571, while in 1864, it
become the sanjak (county) of the province of Konya. The city joined Antalya in
1868, and in 1871 it became a county of the province.
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